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Acronyms

ANSI -

The American National Standards Institute or ANSI (pronounced /ˈænsiː/) is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. The organization also coordinates U.S. standards with international standards so that American products can be used worldwide. For example, ANSI standards make sure that people who own cameras can find the film they need for them anywhere around the globe. ANSI accredits standards that are developed by representatives of standards developing organizations, government agencies, consumer groups, companies, and others. These standards ensure that the characteristics and performance of products are consistent, that people use the same definitions and terms, and that products are tested the same way. ANSI also accredits organizations that carry out product or personnel certification in accordance with requirements defined in international standards.

BS -

The standards produced are titled British Standard XXXX[-P]:YYYY where XXXX is the number of the standard, P is the number of the part of the standard (where the standard is split into multiple parts) and YYYY is the year in which the standard came into effect.

CE -

The CE mark is a mandatory conformity mark on many products placed on the single market in the European Economic Area (EEA). The CE marking is a mandatory European marking for certain product groups to indicate conformity with the essential health and safety requirements set out in European Directives. To permit the use of a CE mark on a product, proof that the item meets the relevant requirements must be documented. By affixing the CE marking, the manufacturer, its authorized representative, or person placing the product on the market or putting it into service asserts that the item meets all the essential requirements of all applicable European Union directives and that the applicable conformity assessment procedures have been applied.

CR-MO -

Chromium-molybdenum is a hard grey metallic element that can be highly polished and is used in steel alloys and electroplating to increase hardness and corrosion resistance. 

CR-V - Chromium-vanadium alloy tool steels (from the chemical symbols for chromium [Cr] and vanadium [V]).

DIN -

Deutsches Institut für Normung - the German Institute for Standardization and is that country’s ISO member body.

GB -

Guóbiāo, (GB) in the People’s Republic of China is the abbreviation of Guójiā Biāozhǔn, meaning the “National Standards'', or Guójiā Biāozhǔn Mǎ, meaning the “National Standard Encoding'' as Chinese character encoding system. Both are issued by the Standardization Administration of China (SAC), the Chinese National Committee of the ISO and IEC.GB standards cover many areas, like other national standards such as ANSI in the United States. Mandatory standards are prefixed “GB''. Recommended standards are prefixed “GB/T'' (T from Chinese language tuījiàn, “recommended''). A standard number follows “GB'' or “GB/T''.

GS -

The Geprüfte Sicherheit (“Tested Safety'') or GS mark is a voluntary certification mark for technical equipment. It indicates that the equipment meets German and, if available, European safety requirements for such devices. The main difference between GS and CE mark is that the compliance with the European safety requirements has been tested and inspected by a state-approved (but independent) body. [1] [2] The mark is based on the German Equipment and Product Safety Act (“Geräte- und Produktsicherheitsgesetz'',or “GPSG'').

GW -

Gross weight is a term used is trade applications and refers to the total weight of a product and its packaging.

ISO 9001:2008 -

ISO 9001:2008 sets out the criteria for a quality management system and is the only standard in the family that can be certified to (although this is not a requirement). It can be used by any organization, large or small, regardless of its field of activity. In fact ISO 9001:2008 is implemented by over one million companies and organizations in over 170 countries.

JIS -

Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) specifies the standards used for industrial activities in Japan. The standardisation process is coordinated by Japanese Industrial Standards Committee and published through the Japanese Standards Association.

NM -

A common abbreviation for Nanometre. A nanometre is a unit of length in the metric system equal to one billionth of a metre. 

NW - Net Weight is the weight of the goods themselves without any packaging.

Quality Management Principles -

The standard is based on a number of quality management principles including a strong customer focus, the motivation and implication of top management, the process approach and continual improvement. Using ISO 9001:2008 helps ensure that customers get consistent, good quality products and services, which in turn brings many business benefits.

TUV - TÜVs (short for Technischer Überwachungs-Verein, Technical Monitoring Association in English) are German organizations that work to validate the safety of products of all kinds to protect humans and the environment against hazards. Many of the TUV organizations also provide registration to various standards such as, ISO9001:2000 quality management system and ISO/TS16949 automotive quality management system.